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Academic bookshelf | Exercise helps improve health, or the most powerful longevity medicine

Academic bookshelf | Exercise helps improve health, or the most powerful longevity medicine

(People’s Daily Health Client) In January 2024, Pine Etia, Bill Jifuz, and the main translation of Cheng Jilian’s “Beyond 100 Live: Science and Art of Longevity” was published by the Chinese Translation Press.
Why is your blood testing and cholesterol test results in annual medical examinations that are normal, but maybe it is still unhealthy?Why exercise is a powerful longevity “medicine” … You can find the answer from this book.
The book covers rich knowledge such as cardiology, oncology, biochemistry, and nutrition. It has many years of experience in practicing medicine and research with the author, and helps us improve our body, cognition and emotional conditions with scientific effective methods and strategies.Health formulates the best plan.The book is a scientific, forward -looking, and popular science book, which provides a improved reference for people to respond to chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease.
The following sections are selected from Chapter 11 “Exercise: The Strongest Longevity Medicine” (pp. 212-231):
It turns out that the peak of the aerobic cardiopulmonary (Peak Aerobic CardioreSpiratory Fitness) measured by the maximum amount of Nie oxygen is a longevity of longevity.The maximum oxygen volume means that one person can use the maximum rate of oxygen.The more oxygen you can use, the higher your maximum oxygen.
The human body has an amazing ability to deal with people’s needs for it.For example, I just sit on the sofa and watch movies.During rest, people like me may need about 300 ml of oxygen per minute to generate enough ATP to perform all physiological functions necessary for maintaining life and watching movies.This is a very low level of energy demand, but if I go out to jog near my house, energy demand will increase.My breathing will accelerate and my heart rate will also be accelerated. It helps me extract and use more oxygen from the air of breathing to maintain muscle work.In this intensity, people like me may need 2500 ~ 3000 ml of oxygen per minute, which is 8-10 times more than when I sit on the sofa.
The maximum oxygen volume is usually expressed by the oxygen amount that one person can use per kilogram of body weight per minute.The maximum oxygen of an ordinary 45 -year -old man is about 40 ml/kg per minute, while a high -level endurance athlete’s score may be above 60.On the other hand, Mike Joyna, a sports physiologist and researcher at the Meio Clinic, said that a person in his 30s or 40s may only get more than 20 points in the maximum oxygen test test.
This number is not only related to athletes.It turns out that it is also related to life.After a study published in the “American Medical Association Magazine” in 2018, it was found that more than 120,000 people found that the larger maximum oxygen volume was fully related to the lower mortality rate.The most healthy person’s mortality rate is the lowest, and the gap is very amazing.
Of course, there must be almost mixed factors here, just like all observation studies, including nutrition research.But at least five factors have increased my confidence in some causal relationships in this relationship.First of all, the size of the effect is very large.Secondly, these data are consistent in many studies of different people and can be repeated.Third, there is no dose -dependence reaction. The better your cardiopulmonary, the longer your life span.Fourth, through the known mechanism of life and health life, this effect has great biological rationality.Fifth, almost all experimental data about human movement show that sports can help improve health.
As the authors of the Study of the American Medical Association’s magazine concluded, “cardiopulmonary moderate capacity is negatively related to long -term mortality, and the upper limit of benefits is not observed. The extremely high aerobic capacity is related to the maximum survival rate.”
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